Pioneer Museum

Esperanza’s World – Arizona Geography Center – Apache Reservations

Esperanza’s World – Arizona Geography Center – Apache Reservations




Activities / Teacher Resources

Arizona Apache Reservations Data Table

Fort Apache (White Mountain Apache Tribe)
  • Established in 1871
  • Land area is 2,627.608 square miles in east- central Arizona
  • Population of about 15,000 people
  • Largest community is Whiteriver and is seat to tribal government
  • Reservation is covered mostly by pine forests and is home to forest wildlife
  • Located south of the Mogollon Rim
  • Highest point is Mt. Baldy in the White Mountains with an elevation of 11,403 ft; Mt. Baldy is one of the most sacred mountains to the Apache
  • Tribe operates a ski resort and a casino
  • 430 miles of streams; 25 lakes; excellent trout fishing and home to the Apache trout
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
  • Established in 1903
  • Land area is 24,680 acres in northeastern Maricopa County
  • Home to Yavapai and Apache peoples
  • Population is about 750 people
  • Highest elevation is 1350 ft.
  • Tribe operates a casino, farm, gas station and sand and gravel operation
  • Fort McDowell was named after General Irwin McDowell
  • The fort was one of the most important outposts during the Apache Wars between 1865 and 1891
San Carlos Apache
  • Established in 1871
  • Land area is 1.8 million acres; 10th largest reservation in U.S. land-wise
  • Lies directly south of the Fort Apache Reservation
  • Known to some as “Hell’s Forty Acres” due to its bleak health and environmental conditions in its early days
  • Population is about 9500 people
  • Highest elevation is 2500 ft.
  • Tribe operates a casino, lumbering, and recreation/tourism
  • Ponds and lakes on the reservation offer fishing for bluegill, trout, catfish and others; big and small game hunting also available by permit
  • San Carlos Lake formed by the Coolidge Dam is the largest lake within Arizona
  • Magnificent natural beauty can be found throughout the lands
  • Contains the world’s largest deposit of peridot, August’s birthstone
Tonto Apache
  • Established in 1972
  • Land area is 85 acres in the Mazatzal Mountains
  • Home to Yavapai and Apache peoples
  • Near Payson and the Mogollon Rim; located in the Tonto National Forest
  • Population is about 150 people
  • Highest elevation is 5000 ft.
  • Tribe operates a casino and a market
  • Smallest reservation in Arizona land-wise
(Camp Verde) Yavapai-Apache Nation
  • Established in 1871; re-established in 1909
  • Land area is 636 acres in five separate parcels of land; near Camp Verde
  • Home to Yavapai and Tonto Apache Tribes
  • Population is about 750 people
  • Highest elevation is 3147 feet
  • Located within the Coconino National Forest
  • Tribe operates a casino, a market, a gas station, and an RV park