Peafowl Facts Sheet
- Peafowl are related to the pheasant and turkey family.
- Two species of peafowl are found in the wild in Southwest Asia, the Indian Blue and the Green Peafowl. There is also a native Congo peafowl recently discovered in Africa.
- Peafowl live to be 15- 25 years old and weigh 8 – 13 pounds.
- Peafowl are omnivores; they eat plants, berries, seeds, fruit, insects, small snakes, lizards and rodents.
- Peacocks usually attract a harem of 2 – 5 peahens.
- Peacocks need companionship; they get lonely; peafowl in general are sociable birds.
- The peahens have no train of feathers and are much less colorful than the peacock; this lack of color protects them from predators while they incubate eggs.
- A peacocks tail feathers are called a train. The train of feathers molt every year in late summer.
- Peacocks strut the colorful train to court females and to discourage competitor males by opening the feathers into a massive fan of shimmering and iridescent colors.
- Peafowl like to roost in trees at night but usually nest on the ground. They fly up into trees to escape predators; they only fly short distances though.
- Predators include raccoons, skunks, cats, dogs, and opossums in captivity. In the wild, they fear tigers, leopards and eagles.
- Peachicks can walk, eat and drink on their own when barely a day old. The eggs incubate for 28 days; peahens lay from 3 – 5 eggs. Peahens are considered good mothers.
- A family of peafowl is called a bevy; a group of peafowl is known as a party.
Peafowl don’t mix well with other animals. They can be aggressive if in danger and have fierce tempers when provoked. They need space to roam; males are territorial.