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Esperanza’s World – Peafowl Center

Esperanza’s World – Peafowl Center

Activities / Teacher Resources

Peafowl Facts Sheet

  • Peafowl are related to the pheasant and turkey family.
  • Two species of peafowl are found in the wild in Southwest Asia, the Indian Blue and the Green Peafowl.  There is also a native Congo peafowl recently discovered in Africa.
  • Peafowl live to be 15- 25 years old and weigh 8 – 13 pounds.
  • Peafowl are omnivores; they eat plants, berries, seeds, fruit, insects, small snakes, lizards and rodents.
  • Peacocks usually attract a harem of 2 – 5 peahens.
  • Peacocks need companionship; they get lonely; peafowl in general are sociable birds.
  • The peahens have no train of feathers and are much less colorful than the peacock; this lack of color protects them from predators while they incubate eggs.
  • A peacocks tail feathers are called a train.  The train of feathers molt every year in late summer.
  • Peacocks strut the colorful train to court females and to discourage competitor males by opening the feathers into a massive fan of shimmering and iridescent colors.
  • Peafowl like to roost in trees at night but usually nest on the ground.  They fly up into trees to escape predators; they only fly short distances though.
  • Predators include raccoons, skunks, cats, dogs, and opossums in captivity.  In the wild, they fear tigers, leopards and eagles.
  • Peachicks can walk, eat and drink on their own when barely a day old.  The eggs incubate for 28 days; peahens lay from 3 – 5 eggs.  Peahens are considered good mothers.
  • A family of peafowl is called a bevy; a group of peafowl is known as a party.

Peafowl don’t mix well with other animals.  They can be aggressive if in danger and have fierce tempers when provoked.  They need space to roam; males are territorial.