• PHONE  
  •  520-628-5774
    Pioneer Museum

Esperanza’s World – Peafowl Center – History

Esperanza’s World – Peafowl Center – History




Activities / Teacher Resources

Peacocks in History Sheet

  • Peacocks are indigenous to the jungles of Southwest Asia, but are found on all continents today.
  • The saying, “Proud as a Peacock” was first used in the 14th century to describe someone who struts around being vane or arrogant due to his/her appearance or abilities.
  • Peacocks are known as the “bird of 100 eyes” because of the beautiful patterns on their feathers.
  • In the ancient cultures of Egypt, Greece and Rome, the peacock feather was known as a symbol of bad luck or a bad omen because of its “evil eyes”.
  • Peacocks are the national bird of India and are considered sacred.
  • Peacocks are kept in Indian temples because they are thought to be excellent snake-slayers.
  • In ancient China, the peacock represented power and beauty; it was also used to show official rank in their society.
  • Peacock feathers have adorned the heads of royalty in many cultures and roamed freely in their elegant gardens.
  • In some cultures, the peacock symbolizes purity and is thought to be a divine bird.
  • Peacocks are part of the design of some European countries’ coat-of-arms.