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Esperanza’s World – Early Tucson Center – Activities / Teacher Resources

Esperanza’s World – Early Tucson Center – Activities / Teacher Resources

Activities / Teacher Resources

“Old Pueblo” or Early Tucson Center Choices

Esperanza describes San Juan’s Day on pages 42 – 43 in the book.  Check to see if her description of the day matches the historic and modern day versions of the celebration.   Make a Venn diagram noting similarities and differences between the historic celebration as described by Esperanza and the modern-day Tucson fiesta.  Click to watch the video to help you. How do Tucson residents receive water today?
Click Tucson water and heritage
to learn about the current municipal water system.

Then write down ten ways you can help conserve water in Arizona. Click to view Water CASA

Use the center recipe and make Cinnamon Vanilla ice creamin a bag. You may wish to make more than one bag full in order to have enough to share with your friends.  A “penny lick” might not be enough!
Learn more about one of early Tucson’s prominent male citizens and make a biographical poster about him. Choose from the center’s gallery of early Tucson citizens. See the Jacob Mansfield poster for an example.  Occasionally, a traveling circus or a Punch and Judy show entertained the people of Tucson. Click to learn about the Punch and Judy shows and share your learning as an oral reportto other students.

Click to learn more about the Punch and Judy shows

Father Eusebio Kino founded the San Xavier Mission, located on the Tohono O’odham Reservation. Research Padre Kino and write a brief biographical sketch about him and his missionary work in Primeria Alta as southern Arizona was known during Spanish rule.

Ice Cream in a Bag Recipe


  • 6 tablespoons rock salt
  • 1 quart-size plastic food storage bag (e.g., Ziploc)
  • 1 gallon-size plastic food storage bag
  • ice cubes
  • spoon
  • ice-cream cone or dish (optional)


  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 1 cup milk or half & half
  • 1/2 teaspoon vanilla
  • 1 or 2 pinches of cinnamon


  1. Fill the gallon plastic bag half full of ice, and add the rock salt. Seal the bag tightly.
  2. Put milk, vanilla, and sugar into the quart-size plastic food bag, and seal it tightly.
  3. Place the small bag inside the large one, and seal it again carefully.
  4. Shake until the mixture is ice cream.  This should take about 5 minutes.
  5. Wipe the ice and salt off the small bag, and then open it carefully.
  6. Dig in with your spoon and enjoy!
  7. Optional: Transfer ice cream into a cone or a dish, then dig in and enjoy!